Post-Symposium Workshop at Hooke College (McCrone)
Professionals who share knowledge increase their own skills.
Reserve your room by calling 630-969-7500 and asking for the Association of Forensic Document Examiners' Room Block
AFDE Special Rates of $99 (single/double) and $119 (triple) will only be guaranteed until September 10, 2013. Rates will be extended for 3 days before and after the Symposium on a space available basis, so those planning to attend the Print Process Identification Workshop on October 14 or plan to sightsee should make their reservations as soon as possible to receive the AFDE rate for the additional dates.
The Embassy Suites Chicago - Lombard/Oakmont
707 East Butterfield Rd., Lombard, Illinois 60148
Single or Double $99 + tax
Triple $119 + tax
Complimentary full Breakfast
Complimentary Manager's Reception daily
This presentation explores the potential value of consulting with a laboratory having advanced microanalytical capabilities such as McCrone Associates and Integrated Paper Services.
The keys to any successful analysis are in addressing these basic questions:
- How can that information be most effectively obtained?
McCrone scientists will discuss the use of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectrometry (SEM-EDS), and direct analysis in real time (DART).
Walter Rantanen, paper microscopist at Integrated Paper Services, will discuss some of the fundamental characteristics of paper and methods for comparing and analyzing them.
By: Danish Ejaz Bhatti MD, University of Nebraska Medical Center Movement Disorder Division
Movement Disorders is a subspecialty in Neurology that deals with the neurological diseases that primarily impair movements. Over the years a precise understanding of the Phenomenology has evolved in regards to abnormal movements which helps to diagnose and manage the diseases better. There are many disorders which involve the intricate movements of handwriting either as a small part of the overall spectrum (e.g. Parkinson disease) or as a more specific limitation (e.g. Essential Tremors). Handwriting can be affected as part of global disturbance of movements in general (e.g. Action tremors, action myoclonus) or as a highly specialized Task specific disorder (e.g. Writer's Cramp and Primary Writing Tremor).
The focus of this presentation is to familiarize you with different phenomena of abnormal movements that can directly affect handwriting with some introduction to common diseases that present with those phenomenas - with bedside tools used to evaluate the handwriting task in clinical practice. This familiarity with the changes in normal movements then could be extrapolated to abnormal movements during handwriting. The limited evidence based science will be shared, but the presentation will mostly discuss day-to-day clinical practice as learned over the years by clinical observations. Topics will include:
- Bradykinesia and Parkinson Disease
- Tremor (rest, action, postural and intention tremor)
- Primary writing tremor and orthostatic tremors
- Dystonias and Task specific dystonia of writing (writer's cramp)
- Chorea and Huntington Disease
- Ataxia (asynergia, dysmetria and dysdiadochokinesia)
- Tics, motor tics and Tourette syndrome
- Myoclonus, action and negative myoclonus
Carole E. Chaski, PhD, ALIAS Technology LLC, Georgetown, DE
In some early texts such as Hilton and Osborne, it was suggested that language usage could also be included in Forensic Document Examination, so examiners were advised to check for misspellings, poor punctuation and such. Eventually, as linguists became involved in forensic document examination, this technique of checking language usage became known as forensic stylistics, practiced by McMenamin and Shuy and adopted by the FBI’s Behavioral Analysis Unit. Some forensic document examiners, however, opined that language usage was not legitimately within the scope of forensic document examination, and some linguists opined that forensic stylistics was not legitimately an application of linguistics.
The forensic application of linguistics is now established, is separate and apart from document examination (or stylistics) and can be a valuable part in the investigation of a document case. This talk will discuss the collaboration between the forensic document examiner and the forensic linguist, how the two can work together, and includes a brief tutorial on web-accessible software that document examiners can use to access validated, court-worthy forensic linguistic methods.
Dave Zweig, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Engineer of Zarbeco, LLC, Manufacturer of Digital Microscopes and Imaging Software.
This workshop will demonstrate the multiple uses of the MiScope handheld digital microscope. It will review all the lighting and imaging techniques using white, infrared and ultraviolet lighting options which are helpful in document examination. The MiScope is a valuable tool for ink comparisons, detection of indented and erased writing and in determining whether photocopies were printed on a laser or inkjet multifunction duplicator. Participants who own MiScopes are invited to bring their instruments for hands-on instruction.
As part of the workshop, a short presentation will be given called “The Hand as a Machine” which will explore the mechanics of writing from the perspective of mechanical engineering. We will show how to capture signatures using an iPad and how to use the digital signature to measure hand motions that are unique to each individual.
Signatures and Exemplars
Andrew Sulner, MSFS, JD, D-BFDE
Mr. Sulner will review the conflicting opinions offered by two groups of handwriting experts regarding the authenticity of signatures appearing on two documents that surfaced more than thirty years after the fact. The actual evidence both sets of experts examined and will illustrate the writing features and forensic analyses that were critical to reaching an accurate conclusion.
Is there a software solution that can help?
Charla Janney, Forensic Document Examiner, President, Charla Janney & Associates, Lakewood, CO
Document examinations that have both large and small numbers of questioned and known documents need to be well organized. While this can be done by using personally made spreadsheets and databases, there may be an easier way.
Write-On 2 software may be an answer. The software allows for a quick search of documents and letterforms to easily see them in a collection for comparison and charting. Naturally, the data must first be put into the software. The software does not have OCR and it has no measuring capabilities. As a result, it cannot make comparative judgments about the data that is input. The examiner must do that. However, as an organizer and a quick retrieval database and catalog system, the software is very quick and useful.
This program will discuss and demonstrate some of the capabilities and methods of using the software in a document case.
Ed Alvarez Ghigliotti, CLFDE, CFE, LPI
Over a lengthy career in Forensic Document Examination, Ed Alvarez Ghigliotti has analyzed dozens of anonymous communications for criminal, civil and administrative courts. In most cases, the anonymous writer disguised his or her writing to avoid detection. This discussion will demonstrate the many different methods, procedures and techniques that assist the document examiner in identifying an anonymous writer.
Then and Now - Advancements in Technology For Forensic Document Examination By Foster + Freeman
Jim Lee, Forensic Document Examiner, Ms, Bs, D-ABFDE, Technical Sales & Applications Engineer at Foster & Freeman, USA.
In the 35 years that Foster + Freeman Ltd. has been providing forensic document examination instrumentation to the Questioned Document Examiner community, great strides have been made in providing advanced technologies to aid in the examination of questioned documents, such as Video Spectral Analysis, Hyperspectral Imaging and Electrostatic Detection. This presentation takes the audience on a time travel voyage from the port of departure (vintage instrumentation made available over the past three and one-half decades) and returns to the port of arrival, an introduction to the cutting edge technology for Forensic Document Examination made available by Foster + Freeman.
Heidi H. Harralson (presenting author), Hans-Leo Teulings, and Larry S. Miller
Forensic Document Examiners (FDEs) are increasingly called upon to examine and provide opinions on electronic signatures in both static and dynamic formats. In electronic signature analysis, it is hypothesized that dynamic electronic signature data offers discriminating information to FDEs that is not available when observing static electronic signatures. To test the hypothesis, 11 FDE students and 2 professional FDEs were provided test signatures in static format (Test 1) and dynamic format (Test 2) and asked to provide authorship opinions. Statistical analysis of the results showed a significant difference in the number of correct opinions between the two tests. When analyzing static data, participants had 33% incorrect opinions versus 21% incorrect opinions when analyzing dynamic data. Problematic signature types and FDE training methods are discussed.
Lynda D. Hartwick, Forensic Document Examiner, Lake Ozark, MO
What can an examiner do with a point-of-sale signature written on a digital tablet when a MovAlyzeR isn’t accessible, and the federal court date is less than two weeks from the date the documents are received? This presentation will demonstrate how “tried and true” forensic document examination techniques were relied upon.
Professor Martin W. B. Jarvis, OAM PhD
School of Creative Arts & Humanities, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
Heidi H. Harralson, MA, CDE, D-BFDE
East Tennessee State University
An examination of the music manuscripts and other historical documents attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach reveals a curious range of purported signatures. The range of these signatures (or more commonly, the writing of the name of Johann Sebastian Bach on documents and music manuscripts) appears to lie well outside what would be considered a person's natural range of handwriting variation. This paper investigates the problems this causes in attempting to authenticate a document or manuscript purporting to be in the hand of Johann Sebastian Bach, and reveals some unique challenges and interesting discoveries.
Christopher E. Woods, Associate Professor of Sumerology
Editor, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, The Oriental Institute
The University of Chicago
At some point during the second half of the fourth millennium BC Mesopotamians began to inscribe signs on wet clay in what may very well represent the world’s first writing system. Writing in Mesopotamia was born of administrative and bureaucratic necessity, a robust accounting device that grew out of antecedent, primitive data storage systems. This paper will sketch the cultural and historical evolution of the invention of writing, the mechanics of the system, and how this form of graphic communication evolved from a limited administrative device to a flexible expression of spoken language. The typological context of Mesopotamian writing vis-à-vis other early writing systems (notably, Egyptian, Chinese, and Mesoamerican writing) will also be considered with special attention given to shared structural similarities.
Richard T. McEvoy, Jr., Forensic Imaging, Inc., Victor, NY
The recent activity in mortgage foreclosures has increased the possible use of document examiners and “computer experts” regarding the originality of the documents involved in the foreclosures.
This program will will provide insight into looking at an opposing expert's report or deposition. Quite often opposing experts’ reports are well written and the experts appear well-educated. Sometimes, in fact, they are. However, their opinions can sometimes be confusing as to what the findings are claiming as fact. This is especially true when metadata is used to re-enforce an opinion. File metadata is becoming more and more important in this digital age. The use of metadata, and how to find it, will be discussed. Reading a file’s metadata can be very useful in determining what has been done to the file. But, metadata can be misleading and, also, be miss-interpreted. Fortunately, one does not have to be a total computer software expert to read and interpret digital file metadata. This program will show demonstrate that one only has to recognize what could have been done (or not done) and, then, to apply some cold logic to the information and the questions presented.
Brian Muhs, BA Egyptian Archaeology, PhD Egyptology, Lecturer, author and member of University of Chicago faculty
The Ancient Egyptians primarily used their famous Hieroglyphic script for religious texts in temples and tombs. However, they also used a series of cursive scripts, primarily for secular texts on papyrus. Hieratic developed as a cursive equivalent of Hieroglyphic, so that there was a one-to-one correspondence between signs in the two scripts. Abnormal Hieratic and Demotic, on the other hand, developed out of Hieratic to represent the spoken Egyptian vernacular as it evolved away from the Classical Egyptian written in Hieroglyphic and Hieratic. Each of these cursive scripts in turn shows regular contextual variation. Hieratic literary texts and formal documents often use a less cursive form of the script than private letters, while the scripts Abnormal Hieratic and Demotic contracts gradually came to resemble the cursive forms of letters more than those of literary texts. Finally, within these registers of use, one can distinguish distinctive handwritings in the cursive scripts. Groups of scribes in the same region or town often developed distinctive handwritings, and individual hands can sometimes be distinguished.
Lydia Lewis-Brandt, B. Sc., Dip. Ed., McGill University
Early Childhood Credential, American Montessori Society
In the age of electronic communication, many question the value, or even the necessity, of learning efficient and elegant handwritten communication. What is the response of the educational community? This presentation will provide a brief overview of the current state of penmanship education in America, including reference to the cursive-first approach that is practiced in some circles.
Roy Fenoff, MS, D-BFDE
Traditionally, criminologists aim to understand offenders by studying "root causes" of criminal disposition and then proposing crime-reducing policies. Conversely, environmental criminologists, who are more interested in studying crime events rather than the offenders, focus their research on criminal opportunity and develop crime prevention strategies aimed at effectively and efficiently reducing crime. The purpose of this presentation is to introduce you to the premise of environmental criminology (i.e. most crimes are the result of exploited opportunities) and illustrate how opportunity theories of crime (i.e.rational choice, routine activities, situational crime prevention) have been used to understand and reduce major (e.g., robbery) and minor (e.g., jaywalking) types of crime. This presentation will also demonstrate how crime prevention techniques can be used in the forensic document examination field to address problems such as identity document fraud, improperly notarized documents, and unethical expert practices.
Inés Baldatti, Prevention of Fraud FDE
Analyst of Payment Systems, Central Bank of Argentina
In this presentation, the focus will cover the opportunity that FDEs have to contribute in the fight against fraud. Data Mining is a very useful tool. Collection of data, classification, analysis and interpretation can provide information good enough to understand procedures that fraudsters are following. These examinations can yield objective measures for forensic scientists to make decisions. Explanations and examples will be shown.
Kathleen A. Martin, Ph.D., Senior Research Chemist, McCrone Associates, Westmont, IL
Micro-Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (Micro-FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy can be employed in forensic document examination, both in fundamental research and in case work. These techniques are useful identifying and differentiating writing and printing inks, toners, graphite and other materials used in the creation of documents. This talk will describe both techniques, their limitations, and example case studies.
Wayne D. Niemeyer, Senior Research Scientist, McCrone Associates, Westmont, IL
Scanning electron spectroscopy (SEM) can be employed in forensic document examination, both in fundamental research and in case work. In addition to high resolution imaging, the SEMs at McCrone are also equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), for elemental profile and mapping distribution analysis of inks, toners, paper fillers and more.
Printing Process Identification for Forensic Document Examiners
Hooke College of Applied Sciences
Monday, October 14, 2013, 8:30 – 4:30 pm
It is of great importance for the contemporary forensic document examiner to be able to characterize all aspects of the document. A current problem often centers on whether the document is an original or a computer generated document. This workshop will place strong emphasis on contemporary office and business documents, especially in ways they might be falsified. In addition to printing processes, the identification of writing instruments (including ball point, roller ball and gel) will be discussed and compared to mechanically produced signatures created by printing processes such as ink jet and laser print. Inasmuch as mortgage fraud is prevalent in the market, rubber stamp endorsements (such as an allonge), will be explored to determine distinguishing characteristics in determining whether the document contains an original rubber-stamped endorsement or a scanned-and-mechanically-printed copy.
All students will receive:
A copy of “Printing Process Identification: A Brief Atlas” Journal of Forensic Document Examination Volume 20 (2010)
Selected exemplars of printing processes, both historical and contemporary
A handsome Certificate of Completion from Hooke College of Applied Sciences
A catered lunch and snacks
Joseph Barabe is Senior Research Microscopist and Director of Scientific Imaging at McCrone Associates in Westmont IL, where he specializes in the analysis of art, historical objects and documents. He has been a frequent presenter at FDE conferences and contributor to journals.
Allison Marie Holcomb is a paper conservator at the Northwestern University Library and a Mellon Fellow. She is an experienced printmaker, an avid student of 19th century printing processes, and a dynamic instructor.
Cost: $195.00. To register, contact Chris Gorman, Hooke College of Applied Sciences, email@example.com, telephone 630-887-7100. Please register by October 1, 2013.
Thursday, October 10
Registration: 8 AM
Program: 8:30 - 5:00 PM
Friday, October 11
Program: 8:30 AM - 4:00 PM
Saturday, October 12
Program: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Sunday, October 13
Program: 8:30 AM - Noon
Wedneday, October 9
AFDE Board of Directors Meeting - Late afternoon
AFDE Membership Testing - Late afternoon
Friday, October 11
AFDE General Business Meeting 4:45 - 6:30 PM